Water occupies two-thirds of the planet and takes up about 60% of adult bodies, 75% of our brain included! Any day and over two liters of drinking water/clean water can be drunk. And we all will drink to satisfy those needs thanks to public health workers who strive to make sure we have a healthy drinking water supply.
While our world has a lot of water supplies, our water quality is not so easy to drink in terms of drinking water / clean water. There was a mistake. It can contain waterborne illnesses or tainted water, even though it’s freshwater.
See more make a water filter: how to make a water filter science project?
How to make a water filter at home easy: Why should we make it?
Water treatment science and advanced water technologies help us to clean polluted water to our advantage. Let us carry out a project for the purification of water to understand our supply water, water purification systems, and water supplies in general better.
CAUTION: Adult oversight is needed for chemical and/or object handling. Recall using appropriate protection devices during the experiment.
Since we’re not going to filter our water in this project and are just constructing an example of a water filtration facility, it’s NOT safe to drink since we won’t provide healthy and filtered water with the purification and treatment method.
What are you going to need?
- Sweeping water with 1/2 l of mud or gravel or tap water (the water quality is not important)
- 2 L bottle of soda with lid.
- 2 l of soda pop plastic cup – halved (have an adult help with cutting)
- Beaker 1000 ml
- 2 twenty oz cups
- aluminum potassium sulfate)
- Two c sandy
- 1 c mini cake
- 1 coffee filter or paper (to help serve as a water filter)
- 1 gum tape
- 1 big stirring spoon
- Timer or stopwatch
How to make a water filter at home: Steps to follow
- At first, take a 2-liter bottle with a lid and then pour swamp water. Note how it looks and feels, and how it smells.
- Place the bottle lid on and shake for thirty seconds vigorously. Then spray the water about ten times between the cups.
- Load the water into the bottle, and cut it off from the tip. Note once again how the water appears and feels.
- In the bottle with the top cut off, apply 2 tablespoons of alum to the water. Use the spoon for five minutes to gently stir the water. What do you notice when you move the water?
- Now let the water stay for 20 minutes and see how it looks and smells every five minutes (without moving it).
- Use a rubber belt to protect the filter paper in the bottom of the container. Place it in the beaker on the back.
- Place that in the bottle. Then on top of the pebbles, dump the ground sand and the thin sand over the ground sand.
- Place about two liters of sterile tap water carefully, so that the top layer of sand is not disturbed. Fill out the beaker of water rinsed.
- Pour the top 2/3 of the swamp water into the filter, and be sure to leave the sand in the pond.
- When all the water goes into the filter, equate the water with the water that is being purified. How are they distinctive in look and smell?
What happened after that?
- The critical water purification method consists of five steps: aeration, coagulation, sedimentation, filtration, and disinfection.
- The first four of our ventures have taken us along.
- The air attaches to the water through aeration. It permits the escape of the water from trapped gasses and provides the water with oxygen.
- Does coagulation cause dirt or other hanging solid particles to ‘hold together’ chemically? In the Herd (clumps of alum and sediment). The water will also be clarified or clarified and colored during this phase.
- Sedimentation takes place as the ions are drawn back to the bottom of the jar by gravity. Most of the floc sets, preparing the water for the next stage, while the water sits undisturbed.
- The filtration process involves sorting and extracting the remaining solid particles and fluids from the water.
- The final step is to disinfect the bacteria and certain microorganisms by treating water chemically. This unseen bacteria can cause serious disease and even human death.
- It’s NOT safe to drink and we haven’t disinfected our water.
Many of the material for making a homemade water filter is found and recycled for this project around the building. Instead of cotton balls, you should use a thin washcloth, chamois cloth, and coffee filter. Small caverns or stones should be used if gravel is not available. If you are not able to recycle a plastic soda bottle, you can still use a big funnel.
To determine which materials are creating the purest water, children should try various materials in the experiment. Children could try rice and sponges instead of using sand and gravel. Children may create several water filters using various materials to decide which “dirty water filters in clean water.
The filter function
The function of any layer of the household water filter. Gravel or small stones, including leaves or insects, are used for extracting large sediments, whereas sand is for removing fine impurities.
With the aid of recycled materials, you can conveniently create a water filter for children at home. It is better for kids from 6+ grades, but it will work for all ages. It will take approximately one hour to create a homemade water filter. So, hopefully, your confusion on How to Make a Water Filter at Home has gone away! The water filter testing will take between an hour to several hours depending on the intensity at which the water drips.